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제4유형
  • 지역유통 순환체계 구축을 위한 지방 도매시장 기능 재편 방안
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						    지역유통 순환체계 구축을 위한 지방 도매시장 기능 재편 방안

    저자
    최병옥 , 정은미; 이두영; 김태환
    등록일
    2021.03.29

    ※ 원문보기 클릭 시 에러가 나는 경우 조치 방법 : "고객센터 - 자주하는 질문" 참조

  • 1980년대 이후 농산물 유통은 주산지 중심의 생산자 조직화와 규모화를 토대로 광역권의 소비지 도매시장과 대형유통업체 중심의 유통체계를 갖춰왔다. 그러나 1990년대 후반 대형유통업체의 소비지 진출로 시작된 농산물 유통환경 변화에 따라 지방 도매시장이 위축되었고, 한편 지역농산물의 생산과 유통, 소비를 확대하는 로컬푸드와 지역 푸드플랜이 성장하였다. 이에 문재인 정부는 지역농산물의 지역 내 생산·유통·소비를 촉진하는 푸드플랜 정책을 도입하였고, 최근 코로나19 팬데믹을 계기로 지역농산물 지역순환체계의 중요성이 더욱 커지고 있다.

  • 목차

    • 제1장 서론
      제2장 지역유통 순환체계 개념 및 필요성
      제3장 사례지역 먹거리 유통실태
      제4장 지방 도매시장의 현황과 푸드플랜 결합 가능성
      제5장 해외 지역유통 순환체계와 도매시장 사례
      제6장 지방 도매시장 기능 재편 방안

    요약문

    1980년대 이후 농산물 유통은 주산지 중심의 생산자 조직화와 규모화를 토대로 광역권의 소비지 도매시장과 대형유통업체 중심의 유통체계를 갖춰왔다. 그러나 1990년대 후반 대형유통업체의 소비지 진출로 시작된 농산물 유통환경 변화에 따라 지방 도매시장이 위축되었고, 한편 지역농산물의 생산과 유통, 소비를 확대하는 로컬푸드와 지역 푸드플랜이 성장하였다. 이에 문재인 정부는 지역농산물의 지역 내 생산·유통·소비를 촉진하는 푸드플랜 정책을 도입하였고, 최근 코로나19 팬데믹을 계기로 지역농산물 지역순환체계의 중요성이 더욱 커지고 있다.

    이 연구는 농산물 유통환경 변화로 도매시장의 경쟁력이 하락하고 푸드플랜 계획을 수립한 지역을 대상으로 지방 도매시장이 지역농산물 취급을 확대하여, 지역 내 농산물 유통기능이 활성화되도록 하기 위해 추진되었다. 이를 위하여 국내외 농산물 유통환경 변화를 통시적 관점으로 분석하고 지방 도매시장의 지역농산물 취급 실태를 구체적으로 분석하였다. 또한 지방 도매시장이 지역농산물 취급을 활성화할 수 있도록 지역농산물의 다양한 유통 주체 평가를 통하여 유통 주체 육성방안, 민관협력방안, 도매시장 시설 활용방안 등을 제시하였다.

    Background and Purpose
    ○ Local wholesale markets lose competitiveness because of the population decline and large conglomerates’ influx into wholesale and retail markets. Consequently, they cannot function well for collecting, pricing, and distributing products. Against this background, this research explores the state of local food distribution and the possibility of combining local wholesale markets and food plans. It suggests a linkage plan by analyzing some areas that have set up local food plans to overcome their financial problems.

    Research Methodology
    ○ We selected areas where food plans are well in place, although their local wholesale markets perform poorly, such as Chuncheon, Iksan, and Jinju. We reviewed previous studies on the state of the selected cities (producing areas, wholesale, retailing, and consumption) and statistical data as the first step of the research. To analyze the local food system‘s expandability or acceptability, we surveyed various stakeholders, including wholesale companies, intermediaries, restaurant owners, retailers, and consumers. We also interviewed local administrative agencies and food plan governance entities. Besides, we requested experts to write on overseas local food systems for reference.

    Key Findings
    ○This research reviewed the concept and necessity of the local food system linking local produce’s production, distribution, and consumption. It also examined the possibility of combining local wholesale markets with food plans. We identified measures for establishing a local food system and set up policy goals and tasks based on the research.

    ○First, according to our research on other countries’ local food systems concerning their background and characteristics, they emerged in major countries worldwide before the 1990s, when wholesale markets’ functions declined and mega distributors were in harsh competition. As mega distributors controlled farm products’ distribution, issues emerged, such as small local producers‘ lack of competitiveness and concerns for food safety. Therefore, it is necessary to consider linking governance systems and wholesale markets to revitalize local distribution. The COVID-19 situation has increased online sales for small orders on various items. Also, as the distribution through the local food system has grown, it is likely to become a vital channel for distribution. Therefore, the government should build public-private governance platforms for local food plans to expand the local food system. It also needs to carry out policy support to improve their expertise.

    ○Second, restaurants and retailers took about 60% of the total distribution routes in the areas selected for this research and wanted the supplies of fresh and cheap local agricultural products. Accordingly, local public wholesale markets should set up measures to expand regional produce distribution to increase their business size. On the other hand, wholesale market corporations that supply agricultural produce in the target areas focused on providing products nationwide rather than those locally produced.

    ○Third, our analysis of the regional distributors shows that wholesale companies, intermediaries, restaurant owners, and retailers responded that it was necessary to expand the treatment of local agricultural products. If non-profit corporation-type distributors and food plan-related facilities are upgraded and linked to wholesale markets, they will be able to handle more local agricultural products in a short period.

    ○Fourth, the overseas cases in Japan and Italy show that their local wholesale markets create values by distributing local produce and working hard for collaboration, branding, and consumption increase. Besides, local wholesale markets encourage the use of local agricultural products through various administrative support to schools, public meals, and restaurants. They work as key logistics facilities for the local distribution system. Local wholesale markets also need a policy for market revitalization in conjunction with the support system to expand the handling of local agricultural products.

    ○Overseas wholesale markets also form supply systems delivering produce to schools, restaurants, and food ingredient providers as pivotal distribution facilities. Following their examples, Korean wholesale markets need to set up supply chains to recover their competitiveness. The policy goal of reshaping local wholesale markets’ functions is to utilize local wholesale markets as a core facility of the local food system. To fulfill the goal, we have set up primary directions, such as institutional innovation, distribution expansion, logistics reform, space utilization, and customized production/ consumption systems. Following the directions, we present policy tasks: I) expanding the range of local food; II) strategic alliance with other regions; III) enhancing distribution/ logistics functions and utilizing market space for other purposes; IV) connecting local agricultural production and consumption organizations; Ⅴ) promoting reproduction through local agricultural produce circulation; Ⅵ) improving regulations; and Ⅶ) improving supply/ demand management and sales systems.

    Researchers: Choi Byungok, Jeong Eunmee, Lee Douyoung, Kim Taehwan
    Research period: 2020. 1. ~ 2020. 10.
    E-mail address: bochoi@krei.re.kr

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    저자소개
    최병옥 (Choi, Byungok)
    - 연구위원
    - 소속 : 농식품시스템연구부
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