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학술지(농촌경제)

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  • 2002년도 연차보고서
  • 보고서 이미지 없음

    저자
    한국농촌경제연구원
    발행일
    2003.03.01

    ※ 원문보기 클릭 시 에러가 나는 경우 조치 방법 : "고객센터 - 자주하는 질문" 참조

  • 목차


    • 목 차
      Ⅰ.
      일 반 현 황
      1. 설 립
      2. 임 무
      3. 기 구
      4. 인 력
      5. 인 사
      6. 분야별 담당자
      7. 예 산

      Ⅱ.
      연 구 사 업
      1. 기본방향
      2. 조사연구사업 총괄
      3. 농산업경제연구
      4. 농촌발전연구
      5. 농업관측정보
      6. 농정연구
      7. 산림정책연구
      8. 신농업농촌 특별대책연구
      9. WTO/DDA 농업협상대책 특별연구
      10.
      벤처농기업창업보육센터
      11.
      자료정보지원
      12.
      단기정책개발연구

      Ⅲ.
      정책지원 및 기타 활동
      1. 정책지원연구
      1-1. 정책현안 해결을 위한 작업반 참여
      1-2. 정책현안 해결을 위한 자문활동
      1-3. 현안에 대한 자료검토 및 작성
      2. 협의회, 자문회의 및 토론회 개최
      2-1. 협의회 및 자문회의 개최
      2.2 토론회 개최

      Ⅳ.
      정보관리
      1. 전 산
      2. 도서자료
      3. 출 판
      4. 벤처농기업 보육사업

      Ⅴ.
      연구조성사업 및 학술활동
      1. KREI 세미나
      2. 농경토론회

      Ⅵ.
      국제교류
      1. 국제학술대회 개최
      2. 국제학술회의 참가
      3. 해외조사 활동
      4. 외국인 내방
      5. 외국인 연수

      Ⅶ.
      농정여론 조사사업 및 교육홍보활동
      1. 현지통신원 운용
      2. 현지통신원 대상 여론조사
      3. 농정여론동향 분석
      4. 교육홍보

      Ⅷ.
      농림기술관리센터
      1. 일반현황
      2. 사업기획
      3. 연구과제 관리
      4. 연구성과 관리
      5. 직원명단



      부록 1. 2002년도 간행물 발간목록
      부록 2. 임원 및 경제사회연구회 이사회 명단
      부록 3. 직 원 명 단
      부록 4. 2002년도 연구원 주요일지


    • Promotion for the development of agribusiness venture has been
      emphasized to enhance value added in agriculture through increasing efficiency
      of the agricultural system, and to vitalize farm and rural economy through
      increasing non-farm income of the farm household in Korea. However, policy
      programs for the development of agribusiness venture have various problems such
      as confused policy target, goal, and measurements to meet policy
      implications.
      Objectives of this study are as follow ; (i) to establish concept of
      the agribusiness venture and identify implications of the development of
      agribusiness venture in Korea, (ii) to identify current situations and problems
      of the agribusiness venture in terms of policy programs and business itself,
      (iii) to suggest promotional strategies for the development of agribusiness
      venture. Followings are summaries of the major findings.
      (1) Concept of the venture business implies that "new businesses get
      high returns with new technology and idea, with high risk", in general. The
      concept of agribusiness venture includes all the agriculture related businesses
      without considering size, ownership, and type of business. This is expanded
      concept compared with the 'agricultural venture(venture farm)' in terms of the
      range and type of business. However, there are three different types of
      agribusiness venture; Government approved venture businesses in agribusiness
      sector(Type I), agribusiness firms which are not approved as venture yet(Type
      II), and farm(or farmer) which are looking for high value- added products with
      new idea and technology(Type III).
      (2) Government enacted 'Special Law for the Promotion of Venture
      Business' in 1997, and provided various incentives such as low rate capital
      loan, cheap business site, technical advice, tax reduction, etc. for the
      approved venture business. However, there are inefficiency problems because
      these programs are introduced by the various organizations. Furthermore, these
      programs have obvious limitation to promote agribusiness because there are no
      speciality for this sector in the approval process, and limited number of
      business incubator in rural area.
      (3) Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry(MAF) introduced programs for
      the promotion of agribusiness venture such as providing research fund for the
      technology development of small medium industry (1998), establishing
      agribusiness specialized investment cooperatives (2001), supporting for the
      management of agribusiness venture incubator (2002), and organizing agribusiness
      venture investment exhibition and business contest(2002). Although the MAF
      improved in terms of policy category, there are questions what is the goal and
      who are the target group because the MAF does not have master plan for the
      development of agribusiness venture.
      (4) Number of agricultural venture business is 27 which is 0.2% of
      total government approved venture business 10,182 in 2002. If we expand the
      category of agriculture into agribusiness, this number goes 304, or 3.0% of the
      total venture business. In this case, agribusiness venture consist of food
      processing(39.8%), farm machinery and agricultural inputs(16.8%), environmental
      and new materials(16.8%), and bio-technology(16.4%), etc. Compared with other
      venture business, agribusiness venture has less share of RD and venture
      capital investment venture, larger share of rural area located venture.
      (5) According to the survey results, key factors of the success
      agribusiness are as follows : RD investment to develop new idea
      and technology, development of high valued-added new products which
      meet for the consumer's preference, differ-entiation in terms of
      price, production process, and image, etc., specific business model
      such as membership system, net-working, consumer relation management, link with
      green tourism, etc., introduction of the various marketing
      strategies such as electronic commerce and direct market with large shopping
      mall.
      While faced problems of the agribusiness venture are
      differed from the stage of development. For example, agribusiness in the
      planning stage faced lack of information and special knowledge, startup
      financing and marketing strategies in the starting stage, and market share in
      the growth stage venture business. To solve these problems with government
      support, most potential agribusiness venture want to get government venture
      approval.
      (6) There are three principles for the development of agribusiness
      venture. First, master plan for the promotion of agribusiness venture should be
      prepared. Since agricultural sector has quite different characteristics, special
      programs for the promotion of agribusiness venture are necessary. Second,
      agribusiness venture program should be designed for the three different types of
      target group. Especially, government concerns are necessary for supporting
      RD and business incubator to develop new idea of the starting business,
      while enforcing linkage with existing government support system through
      introducing venture approval system for the (Type II). Third, promotional
      strategies for agribusiness venture should be designed based on the stage of
      development. For example, providing information and training opportunities are
      critical in the planing stage, while capital, appropriate worker, and market are
      important in the opening stage.
      Following strategies for the development of agribusiness venture are
      suggested ; RD for the development of venture idea,
      education and training to cultivate entrepreneurship, providing
      technology and information to help reasonable decision making,
      establishing agribusiness incubator at the 'agricultural technology center' in
      rural area, introducing government approval system for the
      agribusiness venture, enforcing linkages with related policy
      programs of the MAF to solve agribusiness venture's problems such as lack of
      capital and market, etc. reforming government regulation and related
      system to promote various business in niche market.

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